When men have pain in the genital area and medical pathology has been ruled out, chronic pelvic pain syndrome may be the diagnosis. Men with pelvic pain can experience a wide variety of symptoms: genital pain, pain with urination, urinary frequency and urgency, urinary hesitancy, pain or discomfort during or after ejaculation; and pain before, during or after a bowel movement.
Antibiotics, pain medication, and medications prescribed in attempt to relax the muscles of the prostate are often ineffective. Many men have been told that they must learn to live with the symptoms because a cure is not available.
What can make the condition even more confusing is that often young, highly educated (often highly stressed), and otherwise healthy men tend to be predisposed to developing this condition.
A study published in the Journal of Urology found that in many cases, pelvic floor spasm plays a large role in chronic pelvic pain that is not prostatic in origin. A 2016 study reports The Role of Pelvic Floor Muscles in Male Sexual Dysfunction and Pelvic Pain. In treatment men will learn how to improve their pelvic floor function through the use of EMG biofeedback, learning how to control both the contraction and relaxation of the pelvic floor. Using pelvic floor relaxation techniques, men can learn to minimize or eliminate any pain or discomfort that is caused by increased muscle tension. Bladder and bowel function will also be assessed and treated as indicated by the assessment.